About Karlovy Vary
The best known and largest spa city in the Czech Republic was founded in 1350. The Czech King and Roman Emperor Charles IV promoted it the town in 1370 and it got its final architectural looks at the end of 19th century. Among the most significant sights are – St. Andrew church at the cemetery, St. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church, Metropolitan theatre, Mill Colonnade and St. Mary Magdalene Church. The spa town is surrounded by romantic, hilly landscape of the foothills of the Krušné Mountains. Kilometers of forest paths wind on the wooded hillsides. They provide an opportunity for beautiful walks and panoramic views of the spa valley. To the glamour of the spa and social life also belongs the traditional manufacture of crystal and porcelain or organizing various concerts and festivals. However, Karlovy Vary is not only a famous spa, it is also a town which, for more than two centuries, has been inherently linked with production of worldwide famous herbal liqueur or popular mineral water.
Fourteen curative springs rise in the spa town. The strongest and best known is the Thermal Spring, rising from the depth of approximately two to three thousand meters. The temperature of the spring reaches up to seventy-three Celsius. The temperature of the other springs ranges around forty degrees. The springs are mostly used to treat metabolic disorders, nevertheless, they are also used for inhalations and baths.
The oldest eighteen-hole golf course in the country, a golf hall with a golf simulator, tennis courts, swimming pools, an open air pool, billiard, horse-riding, a shooting range, skateboard, karate, footballtennis, squash, sightseeing flights.
The International Film Festival (continuously from 1946), music festival Mozart and Karlovy Vary, the International Film Festival on Tourism Films Tourfilm, Dvořák`s Carlsbad autumn, the International Jazz Festival, the Antonín Dvořák`s Singing Competition. Museums, the Metropolitan theatre, cinemas, galleries, dance cafés, discotheques.
Bečov nad Teplou – a small town with a gothic castle and chateau (the Shrine of st. Maurus). Loket – an urban conservation area, museum, castle.
An international airport, train and bus connections from the Dolní nádraží terminal with the whole Czech Republic. The region of Karlovy Vary is included in the border transportation system within the Egrensis euroregion.
The first paper on spa treatment in Karlovy Vary was written by Václav Payer, a spa physician, in 1522. Apart from baths, he also recommended his patients using the spring water orally. The Carlsbad balneology was significantly modernized by a notable physician David Becher. He carried out the first scientific examination of the waters and set up a production and exportation of it in 1764. He supported alleviation in drinking the thermal waters and preferred baths. In 1755, Johan Georg Pupp started the tradition of the largest hotel and restaurant operation in our spas. In 1826, Jean de Carro established steam baths, located not far from the Thermal Spring. The first iron baths were applied by Dr.Mannlem in 1853. The influence of the Prague balneological school started influencing the spa treatment and chronic metabolic and digestive tract disorders began to be treated here.